SAN FRANCISCO - Activist investor Carl Icahn is retreating from his battle with Apple's (AAPL) board of directors, ending a high-profile campaign to pressure the iPhone maker into spending more money to buy back its own slumping stock.
The about-face outlined in an Icahn letter to Apple's shareholders figures to turn the company's Feb. 28 annual
meeting into a more sedate affair.
Icahn had been trying to drum up
support for a non-binding proposal urging Apple Inc. to spend at least $50
billion buying back its shares during the fiscal year ending in September. The
idea faced mounting opposition from other stockholders who supported the
To hit Icahn's target, Apple's board
would have had to increase the volume of a stock buybacks authorized under a
program unveiled last year as a way to funnel more cash to shareholders. That
plan allows Apple to spend $60 billion on its stock through December 2015. The
company only had $37 billion still left for stock purchases under that plan as
it began the fiscal year.
That means the board would have had to
expand the stock repurchase program to placate Icahn, an irascible billionaire
who has a long history of pestering companies to embrace his ideas after buying
large stakes in them. Icahn began buying Apple stock about six months ago and
says he now owns more than $3 billion worth of the shares. His holdings
translate to a stake of less than 1 percent.
Apple declined to comment Monday. The
Cupertino, California company previously has said it remains committed to
making sensible use of the nearly $159 billion in cash that it held at the end
In the past two weeks, Apple CEO Tim Cook said the company spent $14 billion buying back stock after the shares fell
by 8 percent following quarterly earnings report that disappointed Wall Street.
Icahn cited Apple's recent flurry of
stock repurchases as one of the reasons for his change of heart.
"We are pleased that Tim and the
board have exhibited the 'opportunistic' and 'aggressive' approach to share
repurchases that we hoped to instill with our proposal," Icahn wrote in an
open letter to Apple's shareholders. He also said he is excited about Cook's
pledge to release new products this year that will expand Apple's line-up
beyond smartphones, tablets and personal computers.
Apple's stock gained $9.46, or nearly
2 percent, to $529.14 in afternoon trading. The stock remains about 25 percent
below its peak reached in September 2012. Investors are fretting about Apple's
slowing growth amid tougher competition in the mobile device market.
Icahn is ending his crusade after
months of railing against Apple's eight-member board in television interviews
and posts on his Twitter account.
The barbs didn't seem to be winning
Icahn's many allies.
The California Public Employees'
Retirement System, a major Apple shareholder, had already dismissed Icahn's
proposal as unnecessary meddling and the influential shareholder advisory firm
Institutional Shareholder Services weighed in Sunday with report recommending a
vote against Icahn's idea.
New York City Comptroller Scott M.
Stringer, who manages pension funds that own 2.5 billion Apple shares, joined in the criticism of Icahn in a Monday letter to the company's stockholders.
"As long-term shareowners, we
believe the proposal is a short-sighted and unnecessary attempt to boost
Apple's current stock price at the expense of its long-term financial
flexibility and value creation potential," Stringer wrote.
Institutional Shareholder Services
said Apple could be doing more to generate better returns from its cash, but
concluded the board has made enough "good-faith efforts" to be
trusted to look out stockholders' best interests.
"The board's latitude should not
be constricted by a shareholder resolution that would micromanage the company's
capital allocation process," ISS wrote in its recommendation against the
proposal. As it is, the advisory firm said Apple is on track to spend about $32
billion buying back its stock during the current fiscal year.