TIJUANA, Mexico -- Packed into five old school buses,arrived at the U.S. border Sunday for a rally, in a planned mass attempt to apply for asylum and direct challenge to the Trump administration. The migrants, many traveling with children, left a downtown Tijuana shelter where they had been staying.
The nearly 200 migrants decided to turn themselves in to U.S. authorities, organizers said. Bliss Requa-Trautz of the National Day Laborer Organizing Network said they're getting a final briefing Sunday before heading to the San Diego border crossing to seek asylum.
If border inspectors say they don't have staff and space to accommodate that many people at once, organizers said they'll put women with children and children traveling alone at the front of the line. The rest will stay in Mexico and try another day.
Heather Crone of advocacy group Show Up for Racial Justice said she's found 80 people across the U.S. who agreed to sponsor caravan members if they're released while their petitions are pending.
Nefi Hernandez of Honduras said he was "nervous" as he boarded the bus. He said he intended to seek asylum with his wife and infant daughter, who was born on the journey through Mexico.
U.S. immigration lawyers told the asylum-seekers they face possible separation from their children and detention for many months, and said they want to prepare them for the worst possible outcome.
"We are the bearers of horrible news," Los Angeles lawyer Nora Phillips said during a break from legal workshops for the migrants at three Tijuana locations where about 20 lawyers gave free information and advice. "That's what good attorneys are for."
The Central Americans, many traveling as families, on Sunday will test the Trump administration's tough rhetoric criticizing the caravan when the migrants begin seeking asylum by turning themselves at San Diego's San Ysidro border crossing, the nation's busiest.
President Trump and members of his Cabinet, calling it a threat to the U.S. since it started March 25 in the Mexican city of Tapachula, near the Guatemala border. They have promised a stern, swift response.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions called the caravan "a deliberate attempt to undermine our laws and overwhelm our system," pledging to send more immigration judges to the border to resolve cases if needed.
Trump administration officials have railed against what they call "catch-and-release" policies that allow people requesting asylum to be released from custody into the U.S. while their claims make their way through the courts in a process that can last a year.
The arrival at San Diego's San Ysidro border crossing, the nation's busiest, marked the end of a monthlong journey by foot, freight train and bus for the migrants, many of whom said they feared for their safety in their homes.
Maria Martinez is seeking asylum in the U.S. after she says gangs of outlaws in El Salvador tried to force her son to join them.
"They threw us on the floor, kicked our faces and said they would kill us," Martinez said. "That's what motivated me to leave my country."
Hernandez, 24, said a gang in his hometown of San Pedro Sula, Honduras, threatened to kill him and his family if he did not sell drugs.
Jose Cazares, 31, said he faced death threats in the Honduran city of Yoro because a gang member suspected of killing the mother of his children learned one of his Cazares' sons reported the crime to police.
But the travelers faced an uncertain future as they prepared to turn themselves in and face asylum. U.S. immigration lawyers conducted free legal workshops for the group, warning them they face possible separation from their children and detention for many months.
Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said that asylum claims will be resolved "efficiently and expeditiously" but that the asylum-seekers should seek it in the first safe country they reach, including Mexico.
She warned that any asylum seekers making false claims to U.S. authorities could be prosecuted, as could anyone who assists or coaches immigrants on making false claims.
Administration officials and their allies claim that asylum fraud is growing and that many who seek it are coached on how to do so.
Asylum-seekers are typically held up to three days at the border and then turned over to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. If they pass an asylum officer's initial screening, they may be detained or released into the U.S. with ankle monitors.
The San Ysidro crossing may be unable to take asylum-seekers if it faces too many at once, forcing people to wait in Mexico until it has more room, according to Pete Flores, U.S. Customs and Border Protection's San Diego field office director. Flores said earlier this month that the port can hold about 300 people temporarily.
Maria de Los Angeles, 17, said she felt confident after speaking with an attorney that U.S. authorities would release while her case wends its way through court because she was traveling alone with her 1-year-old son. She hoped to move in with a sister in San Francisco.
She said she fled her home in Jutiapa, Honduras, because the father of her son threatened to kill her and their child.
"I'm fired up to go because I believe in God and I believe everything will work out," she said.
CBS News' Carter Evans contributed to this report.