Taiwanese cell phone maker HTC has filed a legal complaint against Apple, looking to block sales of the iPhone and other Apple products.
The complaint, filed with the U.S. International Trade Commission, steps up an ongoing patent dispute between the two companies.
Apple Inc. sued HTC Corp. in March, claiming the company's cell phones violate its patents on the iPhone. HTC makes several phones that run on Google Inc.'s Android operating system, a competitive threat for Apple.
"As the innovator of the original Windows Mobile PocketPC Phone Edition in 2002 and the first Android smartphone in 2008, HTC believes the industry should be driven by healthy competition and innovation that offer consumers the best, most accessible mobile experiences possible," Jason Mackenzie, vice president of HTC North America said in a statement. "We are taking this action against Apple to protect our intellectual property, our industry partners, and most importantly, our customers that use HTC phones."
HTC's complaint is not likely to block sales of Apple products any time soon. Patent disputes are common among tech companies and often take years to resolve.
None of the complaints is likely to block sales of any products any time soon. Patent disputes are common among technology companies and often take years to resolve. The cases often lead to licensing agreements rather than outright bans on imports, as HTC is seeking in its complaint. Apple's products are typically made overseas.
The wild success of the first iPhone, which launched in 2007, prompted other cell phone makers to rush out touch-screen smart phones of their own in a bid to lure consumers, not just business users attached to their BlackBerry phones.
At the end of 2009, iPhones made up about 14 percent of smart phones sold worldwide, according to the research group Gartner Inc. Apple closed the gap with BlackBerry maker Research in Motion Ltd., which had 20 percent of sales. But Android phones, while accounting for only 4 percent of sales, grew at a faster rate than Apple last year.
HTC Legal Claims
In the filing, HTC said Apple violates five patents. In one, the technology helps prolong battery life by letting the phone system operate independently from the gadget's other functions. The phone might be in ``sleep'' mode while other programs are active.
In another, stored information is moved between different kinds of memory depending on how much juice is left in the battery.
The other three patents relate to how the phones store numbers, then look them up and dial them.
Apple, which is based in Cupertino, California, had no comment on HTC's complaint, other than to point to its own legal actions against the cell phone maker.
Android phones, like the iPhone, support multitouch screens. Users sweep their fingers across the screens, and different ``gestures'' stand for different commands.
Among the patents singled out by Apple in its case against HTC is one that lets a device's screen detect more than one finger touch at a time for instance, allowing someone to zoom in or out by spreading their fingers apart or pinching them together. Another patent refers to technology that helps a device react to information about its surroundings gathered by sensors.
HTC signed a patent-licensing agreement with Microsoft Corp. in April, presumably to avoid a legal tussle with another of the computer industry's biggest players.
Even though Google's software powers Android phones, hardware makers such as HTC will bear the brunt of the legal actions. Industry experts say that has historically been the case.
They also note that HTC is an easier target than Google for U.S. lawsuits. A direct challenge to Google could devolve into a broader dispute over the open-source software approach that Google espouses. That approach involves letting a community of programmers freely use and improve the Android software. By contrast, Apple supports a closed system in which it retains legal rights and controls.
Even if a legal decision is a long time coming, Apple's move against HTC could tamp down other mobile phone manufacturers' enthusiasm for Android if it seems hefty legal fees could erase the gains from using free software from Google.
Shares of Apple jumped $5.57, or 2.2 percent, to close at $262.09. Google's stock slipped $3.66 to close at $505.39. HTC's stock is not traded on U.S. exchanges.