Completing his Cabinet a month before taking office, President-elect Barack Obama named officials to oversee transportation, labor, trade and small business policy Friday but warned that economic recovery won't be nearly as swift.
"It will take longer than any of us would like - years, not months. It will get worse before it gets better. But it will get better if we are willing to act boldly and swiftly," Obama said - and he promised to do just that.
He noted his speed in putting his full economic team in place, saying he had done so at an earlier point than previous presidents because of the magnitude of the troubles the country faces. Obama takes office Jan. 20.
Obama declined to put a price tag on an economic stimulus plan he will propose, though economists who have been advising him have suggested a package of as much as $850 billion over two years.
Still, Obama signaled that it could be huge because of his priorities: creating jobs, getting the economy back on track and fixing financial markets among them. "That is going to cost a significant amount of money on the front end," he said, and then he emphasized what he called long-term benefits of acting and dangers of doing too little.
He vowed to spend responsibly: "We're not intending to spend money lightly" and "if we're building a road, it better not be a road to nowhere."
At his fifth news conference in as many days, Obama announced his selections of Republican Rep. Ray LaHood of Illinois for transportation secretary, California Rep. Hilda Solis for labor secretary, former Dallas Mayor Ron Kirk for U.S. trade representative and venture capitalist Karen Mills to head the Small Business Administration.
All four appointments must be confirmed by the Senate.
He spoke just a few hours after the Bush administration announced an emergency bailout of the U.S. auto industry, offering $17.4 billion in rescue loans in exchange for concessions from carmakers and their workers.
Obama said those steps are necessary and the companies must not "squander the chance" to change bad management practices. He said it's "absolutely necessary" to restructure the companies to save the industry, while also working toward creating "fuel-efficient cars of tomorrow."
While Obama declined to say specifically what changes he might make to the Bush administration's plan, he had a message for the Big Three auto companies: "The American people's patience is running out" and management must "seize on this opportunity" over the next few months to come up with a sustainable plan for survival.
"There are going to be some painful steps that are going to have to be taken," Obama said.
Obama has yet to name his picks for senior intelligence positions; those announcements aren't expected until he returns.
Several Democratic officials with knowledge of the deliberations said Friday that Dennis Blair, a retired admiral and the former head of U.S. Pacific Command, is likely - if not certain - to become director of national intelligence. It's unclear whom Obama will tap to lead the Central Intelligence Agency; John Brennan, Obama's transition intelligence adviser, abruptly withdrew his name from consideration in November.
The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk openly about nominations Obama has not yet disclosed publicly.
Friday's nominees were:
LaHood, who is leaving the House after 14 years, would be the second Republican in Democrat Obama's Cabinet. The other is President George W. Bush's defense secretary, Robert Gates, who has been asked to stay on at the Pentagon.
Solis, the daughter of Mexican and Nicaraguan immigrants, who has focused on immigration and environmental issues while in the House.
Kirk, a partner in the Dallas office of the Houston-based law and lobbying firm Vinson & Elkins, who was the first black elected Dallas mayor.
Mills, a founding partner of the New York-based equity firm Solera Capital. She has been an adviser to Maine Gov. John Baldacci on economic matters.
Obama has met with reporters each day this week to announce major appointments.
Obama also has a host of sub-Cabinet selections to make. Among them: Oregon State University professor Jane Lubchenco, a marine biologist and a top expert on overfishing and climate change, is a leading contender to head the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, according to colleagues at the school. And Harvard physicist John Holdren has emerged as Obama's likely pick for White House science adviser. These and other announcements could come as early as Saturday.